Low Sperm Motility: Its Causes and Treatment

Hi, I am Dr Sweta Gupta – Clinical Director at Medicover fertility. Today I am going to discuss Sperm Motility:.

Hi, I am Dr Sweta Gupta – Clinical Director
at Medicover fertility. Today I am going to discuss Sperm Motility:
What is it? What causes low sperm motility? and how low sperm motility affects pregnancy? There are three main parameters that are looked
at in a semen sample to determine the fertility status of a man. They are count, morphology and sperm motility. What is Sperm Motility? Sperm motility is the ability of the sperm
to move. For conception to occur, the sperms need to
swim forward towards the egg and fertilise it before it disintegrates. According to WHO’s latest criteria, at least
40% of the sperms should be moving in a given semen sample. This is called the total motile sperm count. And among them 32% should have a rapid forward
movement, this is called progressive motility. What is low sperm motility? Low sperm motility is technically known
as asthenospermia or asthenozoospermia and is diagnosed when the sperms that can move
efficiently are less than 32%. It means that the sperms find it difficult
to move towards the egg due to its limited motility. What affects sperm motility? The most important factor affecting the
quality of sperm is stress and some health conditions. Also, excess heat around the genitals increases
scrotal temperature that can affect the motility of sperm. It is also advised to avoid excessive consumption
of alcohol and smoking. How low sperm motility affects pregnancy? If a man has low sperm motility, then he
might be diagnosed with male factor infertility. Because after ovulation an egg stays in the
fallopian tube for 12-24 hours waiting for the sperm to fertilise it. If the sperms have low motility, then they
would not be able to swim up the uterus to reach the fallopian tubes in time to fertilise
the egg, thereby affecting pregnancy. What are the treatment options for low
sperm motility? If a couple is facing an issue in conceiving
due to low sperm motility and have tried fertility drugs like clomiphene to increase motility,
but without any luck, then best is resorting to Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
to conceive successfully. The available options are:
• IUI: Intrauterine insemination is recommended when the sperm motility range is between 30-40%. This procedure saves the sperm from taking
the long journey from the cervix to the fallopian tube thus making it easier to reach the egg. • IVF: In vitro fertilisation is recommended
when the sperm motility is lower than 30%. • ICSI: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
is recommended in men with severe motility issues. How can Medicover Fertility help males
with low sperm motility? Medicover fertility clinics are among the
top fertility clinics in Europe now in India. With state of the art technology and technical
expertise of doctors, we have been successfully treating men with fertility issues. We have many low sperm motility success stories
to share as we have treated many cases of low sperm motility where patients had come
to us after failed IUI and IVF’s. Thank you for watching this video, if you
have any questions or concerns regarding low sperm motility, you can drop your questions
in the comment section or call us on 7862800700.

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